Photos from Dr. Ikkaku Ochi: Medical Photographs From Japan Around 1900. This collection of photographs documents the final stages of horrendous diseases. It is a volume of portraits of real individuals in great pain, presented with stoic dignity showing the remarkable level of surgical skill at work in Meiji-era Japan at the time. In these pages is a startling array of diseases, from smallpox to the bacterial infections that ravished faces and limbs, tumors, conjoined twins and leprosy. There are also before-and-after shots revealing how Japanese surgeons excised tumors or reconstructed a missing nose.