Friday, August 17, 2012

Antique Medical Collectibles

Brought to Life has images of 4,000 medical objects selected from the Science Museum's collections. From amulets to alligators, leech jars to lodestones you can find all of these from here. The Museum's objects, many of which are from the Wellcome Trust, cover more than 3,000 years of medical history.

another item from the Smithsonian. Made in the same style as a glove of the period, although the fingers are clearly articulated there is no locking mechanism and hence no real gripping mechanism. It is for this reason that hooks were used making ergonomics a priority over anatomical accuracy. - LINK

The first lightweight alloy prosthetic leg, was designed for WWI aviator Desouttter, by his brother. The use of aluminum alloys cut the weight of the leg in half, from his previous wooden one, allowing him to fly again. - LINK

Wooden leg of Mexican general at the Alamo - LINK

The large number of amputations in the Civil War created the demand for what became known as the American leg, a variant of the Anglesea leg created in England, which had artificial tendons which lifted the toes when the leg was bent.- LINK

A prosthetic metal arm from around the time of Gotz von Berlichingen - LINK

Multi-attachment Swiss Army Prosthetic hand - LINK

The Science Museum's new online exhibition - LINK

Ancient Egyptian prosthetic toe - LINK

Part of the Smithsonian collection, an ingenious grabber. - LINK

"The Roman Capua Leg is an artificial leg, found in a grave in Capua, Italy. Dating from 300 BC, the leg is one of the earliest known prosthetic limbs. The limb was kept at the Royal College of Surgeons in London, but was destroyed in World War II during an air raid."- LINK

Made from steel and brass, this unusual prosthetic arm articulates in a number of ways. The elbow joint can be moved by releasing a spring, whereas the top joint of the wrist allows a degree of rotation and an up-and-down motion. The fingers can also curl up and straighten out. The leather upper arm piece is used to fix the prosthesis to the remaining upper arm. The rather sinister appearance of the hand suggests the wearer may have disguised it with a glove - LINK

Among other items are pedoscopes - which measured feet using X-rays - and "Jedi helmets" for scanning children's brains - LINK

Known as the clapper because of the sound its articulated toes with artificial tendons made, this is a later version of the Anglesea leg, which was widely used by Napoleonic War veterans, and designed by James Potts in 1800. It became the model for the first mass produced artificial limbs, including the American leg. - LINK

The wooden hand is designed to allow the wearer to span an octave on the piano - LINK

Aside from its famous owner, this leg is interesting because it is a transitional type, somewhere in between a fixed pirate style stump and the artificial tendon articulation of the Anglesea leg. - LINK


Antique wooden leg with concealed gun - LINK

Napoleon's toothbrush, 19th century tattoos, glass eyes, prosthetic limbs, early antibiotics and wartime first aid field equipment are just some of the objects that help tell the stories of healthcare and illness over the centuries - LINK



No comments:

Post a Comment